Idea #1 Put together a bulletin board with the children compiling a list of 100 African-Americans that have made a difference. Black History Month usually will coincide with the 100th Day of School--this board could celebrate both occasions!!!
Idea #2 Celebrate Black History by introducing the purpose of it and some key leaders. Make class room displays of pictures and information surrounding this occasion.
•George Washington Carver
•Booker T. Washington
•Garrett A. Morgan
•James Weldon Johnson
•Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
•Marian Anderson: singer
•Maya Angelou: singer, actress, activist, writer, poet
•Lil Hardin Armstrong: jazz musician
•Pearl Bailey: singer, performer, stage, film, special ambassador
•Marian Anderson: singer
•Regina Anderson: librarian, playwright
•Josephine Baker: entertainer
•Willie B. Barrow: minister, civil rights activist
•Daisy Bates: journalist, civil rights activist
•Mary McLeod Bethune: educator, racial justice activist, New Deal government official
•Gwendolyn Brooks: poet, winner of a Pulitzer Prize in 1950, poet laureate of Illinois
•Marita Bonner: writer, educator
•Shirley Chisholm: politician
•Ruby Dee: actress, activist
•Mae Jemison: astronaut, physician
•Barbara Jordan: politician
Paste the black and white pieces on the brightly colored sheet to create a unique collage.
Some people may choose to create identifiable objects. Others may create geometric designs or a patterned "quilt."
Note that neither the black nor the white alone would have created an interesting picture, yet the two could be combined into many interesting patterns. In short, they were more productive working as a team. Discuss the need for teamwork, whether it is in the home, the classroom, the workplace or the community at large. What are some tasks that require group effort?
AFRICAN FOOD for Black History Month or ANYTIME.
•Peanut Soup -a pan-African and African-American favorite
•Yams or their American relation, sweet potatoes
•Fruit Salad OR Coconut Pie for dessert
•Beverages: Green Tea with Mint, (iced, if you like)
Any of the following (fresh or canned): avocado, banana, grapefruit, guava, mango, melon, orange, papaya, peach, pear, pineapple, tangerine, juice of one lemon -- or -- chopped, crushed mint leaves, grated coconut, or chopped roasted peanuts, sugar, (optional) -- honey can also be used...
4. The kids may need more than one day to complete their projects; however, when complete- share the inventions with the group.
• What does it do?
• What materials are used to make it?
GARRETT MORGAN INVENTED THE TRAFFIC LIGHT...
Idea #1: MAKE A TRAFFIC LIGHT SNACK Ingredients:
Peanut butter or chocolate frosting (Sample is frosting)
Red, yellow and green m&ms--craft sticks
• Spread peanut butter or frosing on a one quarter piece of graham cracker. Place this on the top of a craft sitck. Place the m&m's in the pattern of a traffic Light. Snacks can also be made without the craft sticks.
#2 PLAY THE GAME RED-LIGHT-GREEN LIGHT
All the children line up on the other side of gym or field.
The designated stoplight yells “Green light!” and the children lined up start running.
The first one to make it to the stoplight wins and is now the stoplight.
It gets tricky when the stoplight changes, though.
The stoplight should yell “Red light!” to get children to stop.
The stoplight can also call out “yellow light” which means the children can only walk very slowly. Variations to this game include yelling “red light” two times in a row, or adding body movements.
Say “green light” with your arms up one time and then say “red light,” but throw your arms up again to confuse runners into thinking your body language says “green light.”
"Stop - the lights are Red!"” or "Slow down - the lights are Yellow!" or "Go, go, go - the lights are Green!" If the lights are red, the children must stand absolutely still. If they are yellow they must slow down. On green they move around normally. When ending the game ask all the "vehicles" to neatly park.
Granville T. Woods (1856-1910) of Cincinnati invented Air Brakes, Steam Boilers and the Telegram System (1885) for sending messages while trains were still in motion. His inventions were sold to General Electric, American Telephone and the Westinghouse Air Brake Company. During his lifetime he held U.S. patents to over 50 inventions.
He made lots of things very positively.
Mr. Woods invented the telegraph,
Which let trains know what was in their path.
Granville invented one incubator,
Which saved lots of chicken 2 months later.
Granville T. Woods was a very smart man.
His inventions are used throughout the land.
The Peanut Man
George Washington Carver...George's life is an amazing story and life lesson to explore with the children in your class/program. Be sure to do an internet search or obtain a book to learn about this great man.
George was an agricultural scientist, who devoted his life to research projects connected primarily with southern United States agriculture. He derived many products from the peanut and soybean, but never patented any of his discoveries.
Adhesives, Axle Grease, Bleach, Buttermilk, Chili Sauce, Cream, Instant Coffee, Linoleum, Mayonnaise, Meat Tenderizer, Metal Polish, Paper, Peanut Butter, Rubbing Oils, Shampoo, Shaving Cream, Shoe Polish, Sugar
4 Cups of shelled Peanuts
1/3 cup Canola Oil
1 teaspoon Salt
1/4 cup Sugar
2. Measure and pour the vegetable oil into the food processor.
3. Have another student volunteer add three pinches of salt.
4. Turn the food processor on and blend ingredients. You may need to stop every now and then and scrape the sides. If the peanut butter looks too hard, then add a little oil at a time until it becomes smooth.
5. Have children come to the bowl to spread peanut butter onto a cracker.
Extension Idea: Compare store bought peanut butter to the homemade peanut butter and chart the differences.
If you want to try this other ways-you can also--
Add some honey for the oil
Add pecans, sunflower seeds, and other nuts or some chocolate or butterscotch chips
Raw peanuts from the health food store
Plant a peanut in a baggie by having each child put one or two raw peanuts in the baggie along with a damp paper towel.
Seal the baggie. Keep paper towel damp-but briefly open every couple days as not to mold. Observe how peanuts grow.
#1.....Have each child bring in a half cup of their FAVORITE SNACK (You can offer parents suggestion at this point: cereal, raisins, crackers, etc) when you get all of the snacks--- mix them all in a huge bowl and serve them for snack. Talk about how DIFFERENT THINGS GO TOGETHER to make something very good. This helps get the ideas of diversity, sharing, cooperation, and trying new things across.
#2....Do the same as above, however, USE FRUIT instead of snack mixes. Have each child bring in one can... or piece of fruit...and then talk about how different things go together, to make something very good. This helps get the ideas of diversity, sharing, cooperation, and trying new things across.
Donate any left-over cans to a shelter!
Consider celebrating MLK Day with a 'SERVICE PROJECT'!
As Coretta Scott King said "The greatest birthday gift my husband could receive is if people of all racial and ethnic backgrounds celebrated the holiday by performing individual acts of kindness through service to others." ______________________
DIVERSITY LESSON WITH APPLES AND EGGS..APPLES: Different colors and all the same inside! Set a red, a yellow, and a green apple on the table. Ask children to name the colors. Cut the apples open and talk about how they have different colors on the outside... but are the same on the inside, just like people. Enjoy the snack!
EGGS...For young children... This is similar to the "Apples" above...
Take a carton of white eggs and a carton of brown eggs. The children will see that the eggs are of different shades and colors. Ask them what they think the insides of the brown eggs look like and what the insides of the white eggs look like. Discuss how people are all different by their appearance on the outside. Then, have a child break open a white egg into a bowl---and another child bread a brown egg in to a separate bowl. The concept is that the eggs may all look different on the outside, but the insides are the same, just like us. Make something with the eggs ...enjoy!!!
A SONG SUNG TO THE TUNE OF "Bingo"
There was a man who had a dream His name was Mar-tin Lu-ther King
Mar-tin Lu-ther King.... Mar-tin Lu-ther King... Mar-tin Lu-ther King...
His name was Mar-tin Lu-ther King
Doctor King, he had a dream He wanted peace for everyone
P-E-A-C-E... P-E-A-C-E.... P-E-A-C-E
His name was Mar-tin Lu-ther King
__________________________________________CITIZENSHIP-ROLE PLAYING for OLDER YOUTH AND TEENS
This common activity is used in classrooms everywhere -- but it should ONLY be repeated from TIME TO TIME! The activity helps students understand the concept of "discrimination."
For this activity, divide the class into two or more groups. Some teachers divide students by eye or hair color; some invite students to select and wear badges of different colors (purple, green, and other colors that are not related to skin color); and others isolate students whose first names begin with the letter "b," (or whichever letter is the most common first letter of students' names in the class).
For a class period or for an entire school day, one group of students (for example, the kids who have blond hair, those wearing orange badges, or the ones whose names start with "b") are favored above all others. Those students receive special treats or special privileges, and they are complimented often. Students who aren't in the "favored" group, on the other hand, are ignored, left out of discussions, and otherwise discriminated against.
IMPORTANT!!! At the end of the period, students discuss their feelings. How did it feel to be treated unfairly, to be discriminated against? Invite students to talk about times when they felt they were judged or treated unfairly. How does this "experiment" relate to the life of Martin Luther King, Jr.?
(Source: Kidsphere listserv education-world.com
This is A SIMPLIFIED VERSION OF THE ABOVE. While the above is for older youth--THIS WILL WORK FOR PRE-K AND ALL THE WAY UP!
Materials: Signs with rules that will be enforced in various room areas/centers.
FIRST--DISCUSS discrimination: WHAT IT IS--HOW IT FEELS--HOW HURTFUL IT IS---The IMPORTANCE OF KINDNESS and treating others as we want to be treated...
Tell the children that "JUST TO SEE WHAT IT FEELS LIKE" you're going to "role play" so they can experience what it is like for people who are discriminated against.
When the couple hours are over--BE SURE TO HAVE A DE-BRIEFING, where the children meet in small groups to share their feelings and thoughts. THE PREPARATION AND DEBRIEFING IS IMPORTANT!!!!
Using rebuses (for children who can't yet read) Hang or post signs in centers with a picture; put a circle around it with a slash over the entire picture and circle.
An example: A picture of a child with "blue eyes" with a circle around it and a slash through it. This means that for the next hour, no one with blue eyes may play in that center. Rotate and change signs.
Prepare signs for: Blue eyes, brown hair, long hair, gym shoes, etc.
THE BEAUTY OF DIVERSITY
EXPLORE DIVERSITY of the world's population in general.
• Talk to kids about the wonderful contributions that people from many different backgrounds make will go a long way to creating caring and compassionate adults who accept people for who they are....
• Discuss cultural awareness issues with kids and explore traditions and activities from African and Caribbean countries. Try some of these ideas as a starting point to explore many cultures all year long.
• Take on a Program or Club Research Project
Learn about a different country in Africa or the Caribbean. Every member of the program group or a "special club" could research one aspect of the country such as the population, languages spokenmap. Younger children could draw a picture or write a story about what one day in a child's life would be like in that country.
• Find out how to speak three phrases in the primary language of the country as part of the group project.
• Research an influential person, such as a politician or inventor, in the movement of black rights in North America.
• Go to the produce aisle and try a fruit or vegetable from the Caribbean or Africa that your children have not tried before such as plantains, figs or guava.
GIVE PEACE A HAND
This wonderful display is from the kindergarten class of Renee Glassow.
Surround the center photographs/images/posters with handprints and promises the children make. On individual sheets of paper, put each child's painted or traced handprint. Below the handprint write the child's pledge. Examples from display: I will use kind words, I will be friends with everyone, I will give hugs and kisses, I will listen and clean up, etc.
RE-ENACT A STORY BOOK SCENE... Invite the children to read one of more of the stories such as one about Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. (Checking Amazon.com-the book is 99 cents) After reading the book, children can write a skit...practice...and perform!
ANOTHER BOOK IDEA...Read a book and then have children draw/color/paint pictures based on something they found profound or interesting in the story.
- Using the children's creative efforts--- make a Display Wall.
- After the wall is taken down, the art can then be compiled into a program/classroom booklet.
The following is list of books to share with children about Black History Month and Martin Luther King, Jr. These can be suggested reading as a group, individually or in a children's book club. Books are suggested reading for children ages 4 through 12+.
• A Picture Book of Martin Luther King, Jr. (Picture Book Biography)
by David A. Adler ( For Ages 4-8)
• A Picture Book of Rosa Parks (Picture Book Biography)
by David A. Adler, Robert Casilla (Ages 4-8)
• Amazing Grace by Mary Hoffman
• Black is Brown is Tan by Arnold Adoff
• If a Bus Could Talk - The Story of Rosa Parks by Faith Ringgold (Illustrator)
• Martin's Big Words: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. by Doreen Rappaport
• My Dream of Martin Luther King by Faith Ringgold (Illustrator) • No Mirrors in My Nana's House
by Ysaye M. Barnwell
• Shades Of Black by Sandra L. Pinkney
• The Story of Ruby Bridges by Robert Coles, George Ford (Illustrator)
• What is Martin Luther King Day? by Margaret Friskey
• Harriet Tubman and Black History Month-by Polly Carter (age 5-8)
• I Have a Dream- by Martin Luther King, Jr. & Kathleen A. Wilson (age 4-8)
• Portraits of African American Hereos by Tonya Bolden (age 7-9)
• Freedom Train: The Story of Harriet Tubman by Dorothy Sterling (age 8-12)
• If You Lived at the Time of Martin Luther King Jr. by Ellen Levin (age 7-10)
• A Lesson for Martin Luther King, Jr. by Denise Lewis Patrick (age 5-7)
• Happy Birthday, Martin Luther King, Jr. by Jean Marzollo (age 5-8)
• A Voice of her Own: The Story of Phillis Wheatly,
Slave Poet by: Kathryn Lasky (age 8-12)
• If a Bus Could Talk: The Story of Rosa Parks by Faith Ringgold (age 5-9)
• George Washington Carver: The Peanut Wizard by Laura Driscoll (age 5-8)
• Freedom Summer by Debbie Wiles (age 5-8)
• Story of Ruby Bridges by Robert Coles (age 5-9)
• Rosa Parks: My Story by Rosa Parks with Jim Haskins (age 12+)
• Thank You, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. by Eleanora E. Tate (age 9-12) In the United States, Martin Luther King Day is always observed on the third Monday of January; MLK Day in 2011 is on Monday, the 17th of January.
During the 1950s and ’60s, civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. recognized the power of service to strengthen communities and achieve common goals.
Initiated by Congress in 1994, King Day of Service builds on that that legacy by transforming the federal holiday honoring Dr. King into a national day of community service grounded in his teachings of nonviolence and social justice. The aim is to make the holiday a day ON, where people of all ages and backgrounds come together to improve lives, bridge social barriers, and move our nation closer to the “Beloved Community” that Dr. King envisioned.
When Dr. King grew up, he worked hard to change people's ideas about race. He wanted people to understand that everyone should be treated equally, regardless of what they looked like. Dr. King wrote one of the most famous speeches in history, called "I Have a Dream."It talked about his dream that one day in the near future, all people would respect and care for one another. He believed that children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by January we celebrate Martin Luther King's Birthday to remember his dream.
WE HAVE A DREAM POSTER
Talk to children about Martin Luther King's dream and the fact that one man managed to help change a whole country. Ask children what they think is unfair, and what they think they can do to change it. If they could change big things in the world, what would they be?
Have children trace the outline of their hands on a variety of construction paper in different rainbow colors. Have them cut out each hand shape and then glue them onto the poster board.
Now brainstorm things that the children believe need change in the world--and ways that they and your program can help. Few individuals will get the chance to speak before thousands of people at the Lincoln Memorial like Martin Luther King, Jr., but there are things your program can do to make a difference!
Perhaps it's collecting cans for a local food bank to help the hungry, or running a car wash to raise money for the homeless.
Maybe it's bringing entertainment to cancer patients at a local hospital or sending care packages to soldiers abroad.
On each hand, write one thing that each child dreams of changing, such as Hunger or Homelessnes; next write a few sentences about what they can do to help.
Not only will this project children thinking about Martin Luther King, Jr., but it will encourage them to explore what they can do to make the world a better place. It's never too young to start making a difference.
KEEP THE POSTER UP ALL YEAR AND MAKE IT A PERMANENT PART OF YOUR PROGRAM!
Have children draw a picture of what they think the world will be like-- if their was no fighting or war...
BEAD PIN CRAFT
Children will enjoy creating this craft which demonstrates that people of all colors are part of one family. Even more fun than making your pin is wearing it on Martin Luther King Jr. Day.
Three 5/8-inch wooden beads in three different finishes
Black, brown and yellow yarn
Six small wiggle eyes
Three tiny pom-poms, two black and one white
Red permanent marker
White craft glue
1. Cut six one-inch pieces of yarn from each of the three colors of yarn.
2. Use one end of the toothpick to rub glue inside the hole in each of the three beads.
3. Use the other end of the toothpick to push the ends of one of the colors of yarn into the hole of each bead for hair.
4. Glue two wiggle eyes to the side of each bead, below the yarn hair.
5. Glue a pom-pom to the side of each bead below the eyes for the nose.
6. Use the red marker to draw a mouth on each bead below the nose.
7. Glue the three beads together.
8.Glue the pin-back to the back of the beads.
If you do this project on a Styrofoam plate or tray you will not have trouble with glue or paint sticking to the surface as it dries. If you are helping a younger child make this pin you might want to use slightly larger beads to make it easier to work on.
Ask youth to think about the things they dream for themselves, their families, their country, and the world, and to express those dreams in their own "I have a dream" scroll, essays, journals, or artwork.
What's a birthday party without decorations? Here's a great Martin Luther King Day activity to do with younger children:
Make the classic paper chains using black, white, red, yellow, and brown construction paper to represent the various skin tones found across our nation.
Show kids the symbolism behind the craft: "Each link represents a hand, and our chain reminds us that Dr. King joined hands with people of all colors when he marched for freedom."
A variation on this theme: Children can trace their own hands, then color them in using different skin-tone shaded crayons. _______________________
You Need: Paper Plates, Streamers, Glitter, Paint and Markers
Have children draw peace signs on the paper plates... decorate them with with paint and glitter. Tape or glue steamers from the peace signs. Hang about room!
I HAVE A DREAM MOBILE
You will need:
Cardstock or construction paper
Crayons or markers
Stickers, glitter or other decorations for your mobile
1. Cut a large cloud shape out of a piece of card stock. If you are using construction paper cut two of the same shape and size and glue them together so they are strong enough to hold your mobile. Your cloud needs to be long enough to hand three or four smaller clouds from it.
2. Cut out three or four smaller cloud shapes. These can be different colors and even different shapes. You don't have to use clouds - they can be circles, squares, hands or whatever you like.
3. On the large cloud write the words "I have a dream" on both sides. Decorate however you like. You can use stickers, glitter or draw a picture or a rainbow on your cloud. Decorate both sides. Now punch two holes evenly spaced across the top. Cut a piece of yarn about a foot long and tie an end in each hole. This is how you will hang your mobile.
4. On the smaller clouds, write what your dreams are. Do you want to be a doctor? Would you like everyone to be happy? Do you want to own a puppy? Your dreams can be big ones or small ones - they are yours and that is what makes them special. Again, decorate each cloud however you would like it to look.
5. Now punch a hole for each cloud along the bottom of the larger cloud - spacing them out evenly. Then punch a hole in the top of each little cloud. Cut a piece of string to go with each cloud, making them different lengths. Tie one end of the string in the bottom of the large cloud and the other end in the top of a small cloud. Repeat until you have all your shapes hanging from the larger cloud. Hang your "I have a dream" mobile where you can share your dreams with others.
Give each child a piece of paper and cut a cloud shape from it. Have them paint the cloud and then ask them their dreams... Write them on the cloud.
Cassie's suggestions in "Have a Dream Mobile are:
• Do you want to be a doctor?
• Would you like everyone to be happy?
• Do you want to own a puppy?
• Your dreams can be big ones or small ones - they are yours and that is what makes them special. Sarah/Oakbrook
HANDS OF FRIENDSHIP
1. Have children trace their hands on construction paper using black, white, red, yellow and brown paper to represent various skin tones found across our nation.
2. Cut them out. Attach all the hands together using a method that depends on where you are going to put them.
You can glue or staple hands together in a long chain or swag.
As you are working on the project, you can talk about each hand representing the diversity in our country/world--or if it is for MLK Day--how Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. joined hands with people of all colors when he marched for freedom.
HAND IN HAND
1. Carefully trace around the right hands of several children---then photocopy handprints onto tag board or heavy paper. Each child should receive six handprints.
2. Provide children with multi-cultural crayons and ask them to color each handprint a different skin tone. After handprints are colored, students may cut them out, cutting carefully between each finger and thumb.
3. Print the phrase "I will love others as myself." for children, then ask children to define love. Ask children to list ways in which we show love for ourselves. (We sleep when we are tired. We eat when we are hungry. We go to the doctor when we get sick. We study hard so that we can get a good job later. We avoid injury whenever possible, etc.)
4. Next, ask students to list ways in which we may love others "as we love ourselves." (We give food to people who are hungry. We give a warm blanket or a coat to a homeless person on a cold night. We offer to take people who are sick to the doctor when they cannot drive. We watch a younger brother or sister so Mom can rest when she is tired. We are careful when we play so that we do not hurt others, etc.)
5. Direct youth to copy the phrase onto the handprints, neatly printing one word on each hand. Students may then put the words in order by linking the thumb of one hand between the fingers of the next. You might ask each child to tell one way he or she can love someone else as himself/herself while children are assembling the handprint chains. ____________________
A simple project can demonstrate the beauty of diversity!
Martin Luther King's dream was to see people of all countries, races, and religions living together in harmony. Gather seeds of different kinds and invite each student to plant a variety of seeds in an egg carton.
The seeds of different shapes, sizes, and colors will sprout side by side. Once the plants are large enough, transplant them into a large pot in the classroom or in a small garden outside. If you do this project with some of the school classes, each class in the school might do the project on its own, culminating in the creation of a beautiful, colorful, and diverse schoolwide garden!